Landscaping Considerations for Different Soil Types and Terrains

Learn about landscaping considerations for different soil types & terrains including soil type, topography, regional climate & existing vegetation.

Landscaping Considerations for Different Soil Types and Terrains

When it comes to landscaping, there are a few key considerations to keep in mind. These include soil type, topography, regional climate, and existing vegetation. It's important to conduct a thorough inventory and analysis of the site to determine the environmental conditions for plant growth and the best use of the space. It's always best to use plants that thrive in existing soil, as modifying the floor can be costly and ineffective. When choosing plants, pay special attention to areas where plants aren't doing well and adjust accordingly.

The topography and drainage should also be noted and all drainage problems in the proposed design corrected. A good design will draw water away from the house and redirect it to other areas of the yard. Consider the climate of your region, the topography of your site, and the type of soil when planning your landscape. The USDA plant hardiness zone map is a great starting point. If you're interested in developing a water-smart landscape for your home or property, The WaterSense Guide to Smart Landscapes from a Water Perspective can help you get started.

Choosing the right plants, supporting soil health, and proper maintenance are key for landscapes to use water wisely. Good quality topsoil is a precious commodity, so if possible, when building on an undisturbed site, identify and conserve the topsoil before construction begins. Work with contractors to save and store high-quality soil for use after construction is complete. Do not allow this soil to be removed or buried. In addition, work with contractors to prevent soil compaction in areas where trees will be planted.

Isolate these areas with orange security fences or silt fences. Plants can be used as barriers to define areas within your landscape, as well as to identify where your landscape ends. This gardening technique requires careful planning and may require the help of an experienced landscaper. The noises in your garden can be affected by what you put in the design, such as water fountains or birdhouses, as well as by any physical barrier that keeps your garden isolated from noises outside the landscape.